Ingredients: Gin or vodka, dry vermouth, orange bitters (optional for gin, not necessary for vodka)
Backstory: Mr. Bond may have made it a household name, but the most famous of all cocktails had been around a century earlier. The Italian vermouth brand Martini appears in 1863, which may lend the drink its name. At the same time, though, in San Francisco, something called the Martinez had become a popular local libation. The Martinez not only had gin and vermouth, but also bitters and Maraschino. Once those latter two ingredients were stripped away, the classic Martini had emerged. It’s a drink so simple that every Martini lover eventually settles on their own preferred recipe, whether it's one that's super-dry, way-dirty, on the rocks or off.
Why it’s a classic: "Elegant botanicals from the gin are rounded out by the dry vermouth, then tied together either by a brine-y olive or the citrus essence of a lemon twist. This classic is as elegant as it gets for the mature imbiber."—Laboy
2 oz gin 1 oz dry vermouth
Add contents to ice-filled mixing glass or metal shaker. Stir, don’t shake, for about 10 seconds. Strain into a coupe or cocktail glass and garnish with a lemon peel.